(@renubalyan)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Predicting Health Literacy of Patients using Secure Messages

Patient-physician communication is a fundamental pillar of care that influences patient satisfaction and health outcomes [1], particularly in diabetes mellitus (DM) [2]. More than 30 million U.S adults are living with DM [3] and one quarter to one third of them has limited health literacy (HL) skills. Limited HL is associated with untoward and costly DM outcomes that contribute to health disparities [4-6]. Limited HL ...more »

Idea No. 271

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(@mchangaris)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Integrated Behavioral Health Psychology - Driving Population Health Through Sustained Improvement

Integrated health psychology partnerships can drive fundamental improvement in population health. The OBSSR has led the development of research on integration of health care systems and behavioral health. Several challenges exists with developing effective integrated behavioral health services. Two of these core challenges that align with current OBSSR strategic plan goals will be discussed. The fist core challenges with ...more »

Idea No. 270

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(@ronna)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Improving Outdoor and Indoor Air Quality

Behavioral and social science research (BSSR) has played a critical role in establishing causal links between outdoor air pollution and children's health outcomes and in demonstrating how household behaviors can moderate interventions aimed at improving indoor air quality. Economists Kenneth Chay and Michael Greenstone published a series of papers between 1999 and 2003 analyzing the impact of particulate concentrations ...more »

Idea No. 269

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(@mchangaris)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Integrated Behavioral Health Psychology - Driving Population Health Through Sustained Improvement

Integrated health psychology partnerships can drive fundamental improvement in population health. The OBSSR has led he development of research on the integration of health care systems and behavioral health. Several challenges exists with developing effective integrated behavioral health services. Two of these core challenges that align with current OBSSR strategic plan goals will be discussed. The fist the core challenges ...more »

Idea No. 268

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(@kbaker1)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

The assessment of nonhuman primate behavior and health leads to a better understanding of the human condition

The assessment and treatment of nonhuman primate behavioral and health concerns enables us to better understand pathologies in humans, such as alopecia, repetitive motor stereotypies, depression, and anxiety. Alopecia in both human and nonhuman primates is a complex condition with a number of possible causes including pregnancy and stress, as reflected in high levels of cortisol. In a study of nonhuman primates, alopecia ...more »

Idea No. 267

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(@lhawkley1)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Using Olfactory Functioning to Anticipate (and Delay?) Declines in Health and Well-Being

Olfaction – the ability to detect and recognize odors – has long been considered an unimportant human sense. However, evidence is mounting that impaired olfaction portends and may contribute to physical and cognitive decline independent of traditional risk factors. This new body of social science research arises from the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project, and shows that olfaction data have great public health ...more »

Idea No. 266

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(@ronna)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Supporting the Case for Marriage Equality

Family composition and family processes have repeatedly been shown to affect the health, development, and well-being of children. Most studies of family structure illustrate at least a modest advantage to children raised by married parents. Thus, the 2015 US Supreme Court ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges that guaranteed the right of individuals to marry regardless of the sex of their partners not only was a landmark civil ...more »

Idea No. 265

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Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

The relationship between impaired control, impulsivity, and alcohol self-administration in nondependent drinkers

Greater impaired control in nondependent drinkers was associated with greater self-administration of alcohol and greater hedonic subjective responses to alcohol. Impaired control over drinking is a significant marker of alcohol use disorder (AUD), and a potential target of intervention. These findings highlight the critical role of impaired control over drinking in nondependent drinkers. Participants higher in self-reported ...more »

Idea No. 264

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(@ronna)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Reducing the Spread and Prevalence of HIV in the United States

Overall, the number of new HIV infections in the United States has been steadily declining for nearly two decades thanks to coordinated public health efforts between advocacy groups and state and local health departments and sizable federal investments in HIV research and interventions. Behavioral and social science research has played a critical role in reducing the spread and prevalence of HIV in the US by revealing ...more »

Idea No. 263

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Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Suggestibility is associated with alcohol self-administration, subjective alcohol effects, and self-reported drinking behavior

Suggestibility was identified as a new and potential critical factor when studying alcohol consumption behavior and may provide insight into harmful drinking behavior such as binge drinking. No studies, to date, have examined the relationship between self-reported measures of trait-level suggestibility and self-administration of alcohol, subjective alcohol effects, or self-reported drinking behavior. Reducing peer conformity ...more »

Idea No. 262

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(@ronna)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Reducing Domestic Violence in the United States

Social, structural, and policy efforts to reduce domestic violence in the United States have resulted in notable improvements in women's and children's health. Since the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was first passed in 1994, intimate partner violence and homicides have notably decreased; access to services, such as hotlines and shelters, have increased; and states have reformed or adopted new laws to protect victims ...more »

Idea No. 261

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(@nmulchanaprn)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Improving self-identity & self-worth through the use of a self-care planning tool, incorporating the positive messages of fandom

Ideate: Being "geek about something" means having enthusiasm for and loving the source of one's fandom passion and engaging with a like fandom community as a source of encouragement, and healthy human interaction. One that is positive, that does no harm, that inspires, entertains, motivates and transforms. "Embracing our Inner Geek" and fandom passions are be a valid source of mental wellness or mental well-being. And ...more »

Idea No. 260

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(@mdabis)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Religiously unaffiliated patients want support from hospital chaplains, but many aren't getting it in the way they would like.

Cohn, D., and Andrea Caumont. "10 demographic trends that are shaping the US and the world." Pew Research Center (2016). Zuckerman, Phil. "The rise of the nones: Why more Americans are becoming secular, and what that means for America." Theism and public policy. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2014. 37-52. Singleton, Andrew. "Are religious 'nones' secular? The case of the nones in Australia." Journal of Beliefs & Values ...more »

Idea No. 259

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(@mdabis)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Trauma Resources for the Ann Arbor Neighborhood - website and neighborhood symposium series. Poster presentation. TRAAN.org

Benight, Charles C., and Albert Bandura. "Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: The role of perceived self-efficacy." Behaviour research and therapy 42.10 (2004): 1129-1148. Prati, Gabriele, and Luca Pietrantoni. "Optimism, social support, and coping strategies as factors contributing to posttraumatic growth: A meta-analysis." Journal of loss and trauma 14.5 (2009): 364-388. Luszczynska, Aleksandra, Charles ...more »

Idea No. 258

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(@michael.hallsworth)

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments

Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing

Recent years have seen the increased use of social norm feedback to influence prescribing behaviors. Antibiotic prescribing is particularly important, since the use of antibiotics when not clinically indicated increasing antimicrobial resistance. There are deep concerns that the growth of antibiotic-resistant organisms will fundamentally harm healthcare for future generations. Many antibiotics are prescribed unnecessarily. ...more »

Idea No. 257

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