Basic affective and relationship science methods have revealed how spouses' emotional behaviors during marital conflict discussions predict physical health outcomes over the ensuing 20 years with considerable specificity. Spouses' anger behavior (e.g., lowered eyebrows) during marital conflict discussions predicted the development of cardiovascular symptoms (e.g., high blood pressure). In contrast, spouses' stonewalling ...more »
Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Accomplishments
OBSSR is developing a list of impactful public health and healthcare accomplishments that were made possible, in full or in part, as a result of behavioral and/or social sciences research. Submit a public health or healthcare accomplishment (does not have to be limited to only NIH-funded research) and comment and vote on existing submissions. Please also share this effort with your colleagues.
Please submit your comments by midnight (Eastern Time) on July 31, 2019.
Click here to view the submission guidelines.
We were able to improve the accuracy of autism diagnosis by using insights from (computational) linguistics.
Mental health measurement has been based primarily on subjective judgment and classical test theory. Typically, impairment level is determined by a total score, requiring that all respondents be administered the same items. This traditional approach weights equally the responses to items such as "Do you feel sad?" and "Do you feel like everyone would be better off if you were dead?" Tests are designed with a minimum ...more »
We lack "gold standard" measures for assessing behaviors and social experiences like aggression, pain, depression, parenting, stress, life satisfaction, and quality of life. These behavioral and social phenomena commonly change in level, form, and function across social contexts or environments. These realities of behavioral and social science research necessitate use of comprehensive or holistic behavioral assessments ...more »
Our accomplishment centers on our identification of school employees as under-researched brokers of health care to migrant farmworkers in the U.S. These findings can impact the nearly 3 million migrant farmworkers in the U.S., especially those with children. The field of behavioral and social sciences research this work stems from is Applied Anthropology and Education. Specifically, structural vulnerability illuminates ...more »
This paper was the first known study to use real-time data capture within a longitudinal cohort study design to examine whether differences in affective response during physical activity in daily life differed as individuals transitioned across phases of behavior change. Affective response during physical activity is thought to be a key factor reinforcing future behavior. This paper is particularly impactful because it ...more »
Interventions have been unsuccessful at promoting long-term maintenance of health protective behaviors. Sustaining health protective behaviors such as physical activity and healthy eating over time may be challenging due to daily and within-daily fluctuations in how people feel, who they interact with, obstacles they encounter, and the environment in which they live and work. When the factors that influence that behavior ...more »
Patient and public engagement in research has demonstrated that engaging patients and other stakeholders in research helps to frame the research question so that it is meaningful. If patients understand and value research, they will be more actively engaged in learning healthcare systems and management of their medical conditions. Community-engaged research should involve the diversity of patients impacted by a disease, ...more »
The human microbiome has been identified as a "missing piece" in the study of intermediate metabolic pathways. Cells, tissues, and organs are being demonstrated as interconnected with system wide bacteria. For example, this symbiosis appears critical in the 'gut - brain' connection. A significant portion of the neurotransmitter, serotonin, is produced by bacteria in the alimentary canal. This molecule is transported ...more »
Delivery of cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) training in small groups has been found to have clinical benefits in patients with coronary heart disease. Psychosocial benefits include decreased depression, anger, perceived stress, and increased satisfaction with social support; and physiological benefits include decreased blood pressure and heart rate at rest and during exposure to stress. Clinical benefits ...more »
The NYC DOH is supporting indigenous and immigrant health through the support of traditional heritage practices. This is supported by medical anthropological research employing phenomenology to show links between health and wellness and environmental and cultural heritage practices. The new research framework, embodied ecological heritage (EEH), challenges assimilation models of immigrant health.
BSSR has made important and timely investments in the research at the University of Colorado in the area of genetics and demography. We have been fortunate to have received support from BSSR that enabled the Integrating Genetics and Social Sciences (IGSS) conference to be initiated and we are now approaching our 10th year (please see https://cupc.colorado.edu/igss-conference/ for more information about the conference). ...more »