Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

OBSSR is committed to advancing cross-cutting approaches that stimulate health-related research on the fundamental processes that influence behavior and social systems. This includes facilitating the translation of basic BSSR findings into pathways to improve individual and population health and using intervention or population-based research findings to inform meaningful new fundamental research questions.

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(@jeffrey.gruen)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Modeling Genetic Variants for Common Learning Disabilities in Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Understanding the neurobiological underpinnings of learning disabilities would permit early and accurate detection, generate biomarkers that could be used to follow the course and response-to-intervention, and provide targets for potential therapeutic interventions. Since genetic factors account for the largest portion of the variance for the most common learning disabilities - including reading disability, specific... more »
Idea No. 372

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4 votes
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(@jeffrey.gruen)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Whole Genome Sequencing Enables Early Presymptomatic Screening for Learning Disabilities

Early pre-symptomatic genetic screening holds promise for identifying children who will likely struggle with attaining developmental expectations in school, and would benefit from timely intervention. Due to the success of three decades of reading research, we know what constitutes effective intervention, but identifying children at an early age when intervention is most effective, remains a formidable challenge. However,... more »
Idea No. 371

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5 votes
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(@petermorrison)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Using Mobile Device Data to Track People's Spatial Proximity and Infection Pattersn

a new type of symptomatic data that could greatly expand how demographers in the future might characterize local populations: the "pings" emitted by personal mobile devices running voluntarily downloaded applications (apps)—those location-based services (LBS) that use one's location to provide services (Ratti et al. 2006).

StreetLight Data, a private company, uses a proprietary algorithm and methodology to turn trillions... more »
Idea No. 369

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(@jrc)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Enhancing Basic and Applied BSSR in Palliative Care

There is an increasing need for enhanced BSSR related to palliative care for patients with serious illness and their families. The COVID-19 pandemic highlights this area of need and the many knowledge gaps that exist to apply advances in behavioral and social sciences to the care of patients with serious illness and their families. Additional research is needed.
Idea No. 365

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2 votes
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(@srbr.klgamble)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Consideration of Biological Rhythms

The circadian network has evolved to allow anticipation of regularly occurring events in the environment in order to respond with appropriate physiology and behavior. For example, environmental stimuli such as light, exercise, food availability, etc are known factors that can impact the timing of the internal circadian clock. Early symptoms of many diseases include sleep-wake disruption, and conversely, circadian rhythm... more »
Idea No. 359

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6 votes
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(@riley.kristen.e)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Behavioral Science

Behavioral science has consistently demonstrated the important role of human behavior in health; however, this is not well integrated into our current healthcare systems and practices, nor in general public knowledge. Psychologists are uniquely qualified in assessing, understanding, and helping change human behavior based on their training and research expertise. With this qualification, NIH is encouraged to seek out... more »
Idea No. 354

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1 vote
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Access to Dual Immersion Schools: Home language sustainability as a protective buffer for at-risk populations

A significant amount of scholarship has demonstrated the cognitive, social-emotional, academic, and economic benefits of bilingualism during the life-span. Recent scholarship has even demonstrated that bilingualism confers significant benefits in executive functioning to Latinx children who are born prematurely. However, despite these benefits of bilingualism, minoritized bilingual children who live in poverty often do... more »
Idea No. 345

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35 votes
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(@cwilli30)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

"Alternative Futures" Scenario Planning to Prepare BSSR Readiness

Many fields, including medical education, have embraced future scenario planning to prepare for an uncertain future. (Nasca et al, 2015) As the COVID19 pandemic illustrates, the future is highly unpredictable. Scenario planning envisions a series of exaggerated but plausible "alternative futures'' to develop risk management plans. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) - the accrediting body... more »
Idea No. 341

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2 votes
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(@dyeager)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

We need to study where behavioral interventions *don't* work and why, and this can advance basic scientific theories

Social and behavioral scientists have typically focused on average effects—trying to answer questions about a "true effect" or about how "important" an effect is—and have tended to view heterogeneous effects as a limitation, as meaning that the effects "only" apply for a more limited subgroup. But this view has been shifting. Heterogeneity is now seen as the way things in the world actually are; nothing, and particularly... more »
Idea No. 337

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6 votes
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(@agrilifecers)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Include civic engagement, citizen science, and social network analysis to advance behavioral and social sciences research

Contextual considerations and approaches including civic engagement and citizen science as well as social network analyses using digital technologies are needed – both as interventions to be tested as well as methods to capture prospective, longitudinal data that would advance the field of behavior maintenance, rather than just behavior change, which is urgently needed.
Idea No. 333

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5 votes
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(@james.carmody)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Behavioral medicine needs to go after the determinants of behavioral health

In behavioral medicine we largely confine ourselves to doing what we can to clean up the water drawn from a septic well rather going for the toxins that are polluting the water in the first place.
Our obesity rates are a case in point. Behavioral programs, marginally effective in long-term weight loss, play around with things like phone-delivered prompts, or examining the personal qualities associated with behavior change,... more »
Idea No. 312

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7 votes
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(@eerdei)

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Heavy metal exposures and mental health symptoms in exposed communities

To address and collaborate extensively with community-based mental health providers on targeting heavy metal (uranium, lead, cadmium, tungsten, plutonium, cesium etc.) and arsenic exposed communities living and dealing with the aftermath of industrial mining, occupational and transgenerational exposures to metal mixtures, who are living close to unremediated mine and mining waste sites. These communities have rural, low... more »
Idea No. 310

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4 votes
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