BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

The future of an efficient and integrated approach to BSSR requires the development and application of innovative research resources, measures, and methods.

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(@jjh)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Adding a Lifecycle Skill Perspective to the Study of Health and Behavior Development

Missing in most research on health and behavior is a life cycle developmental perspective and an understanding of how health and behaviors emerge and are shaped, in part, by multiple psychological and preference traits, as well as by genes. Missing too is an understanding that most "traits" are skills that can be shaped, although they also have a genetic basis (contributions of each source are unfortunately still unknown).... more »
Idea No. 428

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(@lewis.sswr.org2)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Integration of Social Care into Delivery of Health Care

Submitted on behalf of Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR)

The conclusions reached by NASEM's 2019 Consensus Study Report entitled "Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care" to optimally improve the health and well-being of the population can serve as guidance to NIH on future opportunities and emerging trends. In light of the growing understanding that social factors play a major role in people's... more »
Idea No. 423

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(@lewis.sswr.org2)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Provide Funding and Training Opportunities for Social Work Researchers

Submitted on behalf of the Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR)

SSWR encourages NIH to include social work research and social workers in the biomedical research workforce. Social work researchers have expertise in, and are likely to be especially astute at, engaging individuals, groups, organizations, and communities as partners in research endeavors. This enables them to forge connections between "basic and... more »
Idea No. 422

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BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Educate 'at-risk' groups about Polyvagal Theory 'freeze' response and the spectrum and severity of dissociative symptoms

Dissociative symptoms are not well known or understood by General Practitioners, doctors, psychiatrists and patients themselves.These symptoms are difficult to identify, articulate, seek help for and understand and may coincide with a trauma history. Traditional and innovative approaches to trauma conditions are known to exacerbate dissociative symptoms and worsen health outcomes.

Neuro-physiological education of the... more »
Idea No. 410

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BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Validation of measures for non-English speaking populations

Full understanding of behavioral and social science phenomena are limited by the validity of construct measurement across populations. Measurement validity is critical for non-English speaking ethnic minority populations and global populations. Measures assumed to have cross-cultural validity may be inadequate, in addition to the limited number of measures available for understudied non-English speaking populations. Measure... more »
Idea No. 406

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(@william.b.perkison)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Incorporation of Counseling on Climate Change health into the U.S. Health System

Climate change is the biggest public health challenge that our generation is facing today. The personal health implications are enormous and yet our current medical CMS systems is not crediting providers for counseling patients on the need to lower our collective carbon footprint. Is is imperative that this become an integral part of our U.S. health care system with measurable results - much as the many different applications... more »
Idea No. 402

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(@ertrunnell)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Training and Support for Human-Based Behavioral Research

"A substantial gap remains between the research findings in the behavioral and social sciences and the implementation of this research in practice." This observation from OBSSR's 2017-2021 Strategic Plan is still true today. One reason for the gap in translation of research findings to practice is the continued inclusion of experiments on non-human animals in the projects that OBSSR supports.

Problems with internal and... more »
Idea No. 400

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(@cparvanta)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

On-line and so called off-line behavior

We've yet to come up with either a theory or predictive model that demonstrates what bearing individual participation in on-line communications, be they texts, Twitter, FaceBook, has to do with actual behavior. For example, people may respond very positively to messaging about COVID-19 and share posts with friends, but then not practice social distancing in reality. Similarly with food, tobacco, or other complex health... more »
Idea No. 394

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BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Understanding Genomics in the Context of Environment and Behavior

Our health is affected by continuous, complex interactions of genetic and non-genomic factors. These include a broad range of influencers including behavior, nutrition, injury (both physical and mental), culture, and climate, among many others. For example, research has shown how trauma and other adverse experiences can affect the way that genes function: children who have been maltreated are at increased risk for heart... more »
Idea No. 389

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(@hwittenberg)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Primary care resources, methods and Measures

We believe that almost any BSSR method or measure can be studied in primary care settings. Here are some examples:

• Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs): PBRNs are groups of primary care clinicians and practices working together to answer community-based health care questions and translate research findings into practice. PBRNs engage clinicians in quality improvement activities and an evidence-based culture in... more »
Idea No. 374

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(@jrc)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Promoting BSSR methods and measures in palliative care

As our population ages and patients with chronic, life-limiting illness live longer, it is becoming increasingly important to close the knowledge gap for behavioral sciences in palliative care. The COVID-19 pandemic further highlights this important area of need. Palliative care research methods are relatively new and additional research is needed to improve our ability to measure important constructs in palliative... more »
Idea No. 368

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(@srbr.klgamble)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Time of Day inclusion and Sleep Assessments

An important strategy for examining circadian behavior in people is the use of actigraphy for non-invasive measurement of sleep-wake behavior and activity rhythms. This ambulatory monitoring strategy can be combined with any number of other behavioral assessment tools including exercise, core body temperature, cardiovascular (blood pressure/heart rate), and meal timing. Moreover, actigraphy combined with ecological momentary... more »
Idea No. 360

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(@riley.kristen.e)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Technology in behavioral science

Behavioral research has a history of researching factors in health promotion and disease prevention. Expanding research efforts into existing healthcare systems that utilize behavioral interventions for health may provide an opportunity to better understand how various populations experience health factors and the role human behavior has in the successes and struggles of health behavior change.
Technology's role in health... more »
Idea No. 355

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(@otresearch)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System to Fully Describe Interventions

Rehabilitation is a complex process involving multiple disciplines, settings, interventions, and populations, with patient goals ranging from improvement in function to enhanced participation in societal roles.

Many rehabilitation interventions consist of multiple components directed at improving knowledge, enhancing skilled performance, modifying maladaptive behavior, and addressing emotional states. Yet current methods... more »
Idea No. 342

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(@dyeager)

BSSR Resources, Methods, and Measures

If we want the field to take heterogeneous effects of behavioral interventions seriously, we need shared infrastructure

The past decade has seen a surge in enthusiasm for the potential of behavioral science (e.g. "nudge," "wise interventions," and more) to inform policy innovations and ameliorate persistent health problems. Over the same period, however, the behavioral sciences have been rocked by a replicability crisis that has undermined confidence in the rigor of the field's empirical methods and the reliability of its basic findings.... more »
Idea No. 339

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