Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

OBSSR is committed to advancing cross-cutting approaches that stimulate health-related research on the fundamental processes that influence behavior and social systems. This includes facilitating the translation of basic BSSR findings into pathways to improve individual and population health and using intervention or population-based research findings to inform meaningful new fundamental research questions.

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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Access to Dual Immersion Schools: Home language sustainability as a protective buffer for at-risk populations

A significant amount of scholarship has demonstrated the cognitive, social-emotional, academic, and economic benefits of bilingualism during the life-span. Recent scholarship has even demonstrated that bilingualism confers significant benefits in executive functioning to Latinx children who are born prematurely. However, despite these benefits of bilingualism, minoritized bilingual children who live in poverty often do... more »
Idea No. 345

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33 votes
36 up votes
3 down votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Understanding the Impact of Adverse Childhood Events on Adult Diseases

Adverse Childhood Events (ACEs) have far reaching impacts on adult health, leading to an increase in addiction (drugs/alcohol), Type 2 Diabetes, Depression, etc. By addressing the reasons for the development of ACEs (e.g., food insecurity, unstable home life/trauma) and working to include education and coping skills, we might be able to shape the health of future generations. Addressing these issues is complicated,... more »
Idea No. 275

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30 votes
30 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Graduate Training Programs in Translational Science

A major barrier to effective synergy between "basic" and "applied" BSSR is that individual investigators typically have been trained primarily on one side or the other of that spectrum. The traditional solution to this problem is collaboration: more "basic" and more "applied" scientists can learn to collaborate with each other. This solution has been somewhat effective and collaboration will always been important. But... more »
Idea No. 284

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22 votes
22 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Behavioral medicine needs to go after the determinants of behavioral health

In behavioral medicine we largely confine ourselves to doing what we can to clean up the water drawn from a septic well rather going for the toxins that are polluting the water in the first place.
Our obesity rates are a case in point. Behavioral programs, marginally effective in long-term weight loss, play around with things like phone-delivered prompts, or examining the personal qualities associated with behavior change,... more »
Idea No. 312

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20 votes
20 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

We need to study where behavioral interventions *don't* work and why, and this can advance basic scientific theories

Social and behavioral scientists have typically focused on average effects—trying to answer questions about a "true effect" or about how "important" an effect is—and have tended to view heterogeneous effects as a limitation, as meaning that the effects "only" apply for a more limited subgroup. But this view has been shifting. Heterogeneity is now seen as the way things in the world actually are; nothing, and particularly... more »
Idea No. 337

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19 votes
19 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Applying BSSR work to people with disabilities

We often conduct research to look at important health behavior issues and evaluate health behavior interventions. However, many times, people with disabilities are left out of the research. And many times, intervention adjustments for people with disabilities are not provided. More work is needed to be more inclusive in health behavior research.

Idea No. 289

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13 votes
13 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

The "Impact Thinking" research framework builds research-to-practice pipelines via collaborative, transdisciplinary strategizing

To make truly groundbreaking discoveries that translate into changes in policy and practice, researchers and practitioners across diverse disciplines need a common process for discovering, evaluating, refining, replicating, and scaling successful neuroaesthetics interventions. Beyond a theoretical frame, this work needs an organizing mechanism that facilitates collaboration across disciplines and organizes key data sets,... more »
Idea No. 302

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13 votes
14 up votes
1 down votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Intervening to Effectively Reduce Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

In our community we have been piloting projects that use Family School Navigators (FSNs) to coordinate between families and schools in developing working partnerships that improve family functioning and school-family communication, as well as allow for earlier developmental screening for all children. FSNs work with Care Managers (when families are Medicaid eligible) to provide a "warm hand off" for children to health... more »
Idea No. 306

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13 votes
13 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Learning-based approaches to health behavior change

The success of heath behavior change often hinges on an individual's ability to sustain effortful self-regulation. Sustaining this effort has proven to be challenging for many because contextual exposures (cues) and psychological states (resources) fluctuate over time.

Learning-based approaches to health behavior change hold promise for promoting more effortless regulation of health behavior. Associative-learning processes... more »
Idea No. 388

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13 votes
13 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Systematic Integrated Health Care Initiative Applied Behavioral Analysis Access for Dementia Care

Skilled Nursing Facilities are positioned to fill more and more critical roles as our expected longevity increases. Within SNF care and challenges, one of the greatest is humanely addressing patient behavioral disturbances without the use of chemical restraints, like antipsychotic medications. Examples would include Dementia residents who repetitively call out, become fearful or combative during bathing, residents who... more »
Idea No. 288

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9 votes
9 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Applied neuroscience in behavior change research

Many behavioral science theories depend on creating an emotional state in an individual. Basic research exploring areas of mind suggest that key emotions play a role in memory as well as intentions and action. Translating these findings into applied behavior change fields is a missing link in present health communications research. Neurophysiological sensory research (e.g. fMRI, EEG, eye tracking, facial expression analysis,... more »
Idea No. 396

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9 votes
9 up votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Targeting the Biology of the Brain to Enhance Behavioral Adoption of Healthy Nutrition and Exercise in Health and Disease

Healthy nutrition and physical activity/exercise are broadly recognized as key approaches with established benefits for today's health problems. However, very little has been done in being able to increase the adoption of these health-related behaviors . Promoting healthy behaviors would be key to minimize disease burden. Propose to focus more on the biology (i.e., brain biology) of those behaviors (current emphasis has... more »
Idea No. 298

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8 votes
9 up votes
1 down votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Develop and evaluate behavioral treatments for opioid use disorder and chornic pain

We need to develop and evaluate treatments for patients with opioid use disorder and chronic pain. Rather than simply focusing on medications and brain imaging, we should attempt to improve the current behavioral treatments offered to patients. It's quite telling that little of NIH's HEAL initiative has targeted behavioral treatments.

Idea No. 304

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8 votes
9 up votes
1 down votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Modeling Genetic Variants for Common Learning Disabilities in Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Understanding the neurobiological underpinnings of learning disabilities would permit early and accurate detection, generate biomarkers that could be used to follow the course and response-to-intervention, and provide targets for potential therapeutic interventions. Since genetic factors account for the largest portion of the variance for the most common learning disabilities - including reading disability, specific... more »
Idea No. 372

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8 votes
11 up votes
3 down votes
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Synergy in Basic and Applied BSSR

Loneliness in the Time of Corona

Over the past decade there has been a troubling increase in feelings of anxiety, depression, loneliness, stress, suicidal ideation, and trauma in both our student population and the country as a whole. Of course, many factors underlie and relate to these feelings. Unfortunately, they will only be exacerbated by the current coronavirus crisis and whatever comes after. The behavioral and social sciences are already part... more »
Idea No. 404

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8 votes
8 up votes
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